Japanese culture is defined by a “sexual orientation” and a “gender identity” and is governed by a society’s “social structure.”
That structure can also include “political ideology,” which is an area of disagreement between people.
The Japanese government, which has long been the source of controversy for many LGBT rights activists, has long struggled with how to define what constitutes “normal” and “sexual.”
In 2015, the Japanese government decided to create a new category of “sexual identity,” the basis of which is the idea that “sexual attraction and attraction toward other persons” is a social phenomenon that can be considered “normal.”
While the term “normal,” in the current context, refers to a person’s physical characteristics, such as height, weight, and skin color, “sexual orientations” are the result of a person developing sexual attractions or feelings, the government said in a statement.
According to the government, the new term “sexuality” will be used to define “a person’s gender identity,” which, in Japan, is defined as “one’s capacity to identify as a member of the opposite sex.”
The government said the “gender-neutral” category will be a “standard” for all legal decisions, including marriage and divorce.
“People with these identities will not be discriminated against on the basis they are not heterosexual,” the government stated in the statement.
However, some critics of the new guidelines said the new definition of “normal sexual orientation” may be too broad.
“It seems that the government will define sexual orientation as any orientation that is not heterosexual or homosexual, but the definition is still very vague,” said Tatsuya Yoshida, a member in the Tokyo-based Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Association.
However, Yoshida also noted that the new terms could create a “new generation of gay rights activists.”
“It is quite difficult for gay people to find out whether they are really gay,” he said.
It’s not clear if the new “sexual identities” will include a “biological basis,” which means that sexual orientation could be influenced by biological differences between people, Yoshidabashi added.
There is no consensus on what the new categories will look like, and some LGBT groups have criticized the government for limiting discussion of these issues.
In a letter sent to the prime minister in March, the group of about 150 gay rights advocates in Japan asked the government to consider whether the “sexualities” defined in the new definitions should include “gender identities” and not just “sexual attractions.”
Yoshida said the government’s response did not adequately address the group’s concerns.
In April, the Japan Times reported that the prime minster, Yoshihide Suga, told the country’s largest gay rights organization that gay rights issues will be addressed in the next election.
Despite a strong push from the LGBT community to make marriage equality a reality in Japan in the wake of the June 2016 suicide of the man who was beaten to death in front of his wife, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s administration has not yet made it a priority for the 2020 election.